首頁 國際交流 國際視野

美國證券交易委員會通過關于加強證券經紀商披露義務的新規

 作者:fabu  時間:2018-11-09 10:48

  美國證券交易委員會(SEC)于112日宣布,NMS修正案已投票通過,要求經紀商披露新的、更為完善準確的關于如何處理投資者訂單方式的信息。

  SEC主席Jay Clayton表示:“自18年前SEC第一次通過關于處理客戶訂單路徑的披露規則以來,科技的創新發展推動了證券市場功能和投資者交易方式的重大變化。這項修正案的通過,將有利于投資者評估經紀人的訂單處理方式,并最終在選擇或更換證券經紀人時作出更明智的決定。”

  具體而言,SEC修訂了NMS條例第606條規定(附件),要求證券經紀商在持有授權訂單(“not-held order”:即客戶給予公司在價格或交易時間自由裁量權的訂單)的客戶提出要求時,向客戶披露一套有標準格式的個性化信息,使客戶知悉公司如何處理他們的個人訂單,以及其經紀人從交易場所收到的平均回扣和其支付相關費用的信息。新規還增加了經紀商在季度公開報告中的披露義務,要求其在原有的披露要求之上,提供關于訂單流程安排及利潤共享關系的有關合同條款。

  這些新的披露旨在幫助投資者更好地了解證券經紀人對其訂單的處理路徑,并評估如此執行訂單對訂單質量所產生的影響。SEC也采納了兩個例外條款,以減少經紀業,尤其是小型經紀商在執行新披露要求時所產生的成本。

  附件:

  FACT SHEET

  Disclosure of Order Handling Information

  Nov. 2, 2018

  Action

  The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted amendments to Regulation NMS to require additional disclosures by broker-dealers to customers regarding the handling of their orders.  

  Highlights of the Adopted Amendments

  Customer-Specific Report on Not Held Order Handling 

  Newly adopted Rule 606(b)(3) under Regulation NMS will require broker-dealers to provide a customer, upon request, a report on the broker-dealer’s handling of the customer’s NMS stock orders submitted on a not held basis for the prior six months, divided into separate sections for a customer’s directed orders and non-directed orders.  This report will provide a more detailed, standardized, baseline set of disclosures that will help customers that submit not held orders to better understand how their orders are routed and handled by their broker-dealers.  In addition, this report will help customers more effectively assess the impact of their broker-dealers’ order routing decisions on the quality of their executions, including the risks of information leakage and potential conflicts of interest.

  The report will include the number of:

  Shares sent to the broker-dealer;

  Shares executed by the broker-dealer as principal for its own account; and 

  Not held orders exposed by the broker-dealer through actionable indications of interest, and the venue or venues to which they were exposed, provided that the identity of such venue or venues may be anonymized if the venue is a customer of the broker-dealer.

  The report will also include the following information for each venue to which the broker-dealer routed not held orders for the customer, in the aggregate: 

  Information on order routing:

  Total shares routed;

  Total shares routed marked immediate or cancel;

  Total shares routed that were further routable; and 

  Average order size routed. 

  Information on order execution:

  Total shares executed;

  Fill rate (shares executed divided by the shares routed);

  Average fill size;

  Average net execution fee or rebate (cents per 100 shares, specified to four decimal places);

  Total number of shares executed at the midpoint;

  Percentage of shares executed at the midpoint;

  Total number of shares executed that were priced on the side of the spread more favorable to the not held order;

  Percentage of total shares executed that were priced at the side of the spread more favorable to the not held order;

  Total number of shares executed that were priced on the side of the spread less favorable to the not held order; and 

  Percentage of total shares executed that were priced on the side of the spread less favorable to the not held order.

  Information on orders that provided liquidity:

  Total number of shares executed of orders providing liquidity;

  Percentage of shares executed of orders providing liquidity;

  Average time between order entry and execution or cancellation, for orders providing liquidity (in milliseconds); and 

  Average net execution rebate or fee for shares of orders providing liquidity (cents per 100 shares, specified to four decimal places).

  Information on orders that removed liquidity:

  Total number of shares executed of orders removing liquidity;

  Percentage of shares executed of orders removing liquidity; and 

  Average net execution fee or rebate for shares of orders removing liquidity (cents per 100 shares, specified to four decimal places).

  The requirement to provide a report on the handling of not held orders to customers will be subject to two de minimis exceptions, one at the firm-level and the other at the customer-level.  Specifically, a broker-dealer is not obligated to provide the report to any customer if not held NMS stock orders constitute less than 5% of the total shares of NMS stock orders that the broker-dealer receives from its customers over the prior six months.  In addition, a broker-dealer is not obligated to provide the report to a particular customer if that customer trades through the broker-dealer on average each month for the prior six months less than $1,000,000 of notional value of not held orders in NMS stock.  Under the firm-level de minimis rule, the first time a broker-dealer meets or exceeds the firm-level de minimis threshold, there is a grace period of three months before the broker-dealer becomes subject to Rule 606(b)(3).  This one-time grace period affords a broker-dealer time to develop the systems and processes and organize the resources necessary to generate the Rule 606(b)(3) reports.

  To incorporate the new Rule 606(b)(3) report into the existing regulatory structure, the Commission is amending the existing Rule 606(b)(1) customer-specific reports to apply to orders in NMS stock that are submitted on a held basis.  In addition, the Rule 606(b)(1) customer-specific reports will apply to orders in NMS stock that are submitted on a not held basis and for which the broker-dealer is not required to provide the customer a report under Rule 606(b)(3).  The Commission is not otherwise altering the substance of the existing disclosures or the rule’s application to orders for NMS securities that are options contracts.

  Held Order Disclosures

  The Commission also is enhancing the existing requirement under Rule 606 that broker-dealers provide public quarterly reports on their routing of certain orders.  As amended, the rule requires such reports to cover NMS stock orders of any size that are submitted on a held basis and continue to cover any order, whether held or not held, for an NMS security that is an option contract with a market value less than $50,000.  In addition, broker-dealers will now be required to: 

  Report routing information separately for marketable limit orders and non-marketable limit orders;

  Report routing information by calendar month instead of quarterly and no longer categorize NMS stocks by listing market;  

  Report routing information for NMS stock orders separately for securities included in the S&P 500 Index as of the first day of the quarter and other NMS stocks;

  Include the following information for the 10 venues to which the largest number of total non-directed orders were routed for execution and for any venue to which five percent or more of non-directed orders were routed for execution: 

  The net aggregate amount of any payment for order flow received, payment from any profit-sharing relationship received, transaction fees paid, and transaction rebates received, both as a total dollar amount and per share for: non-directed market orders, non-directed marketable limit orders, non-directed non-marketable limit orders, and other non-directed orders; and

  Include a description of the terms of any payment for order flow and any profit-sharing arrangements that may influence a broker-dealer’s order routing decision, including, among other things: 

  Incentives for equaling or exceeding an agreed upon order flow volume threshold;

  Disincentives for failing to meet an agreed upon minimum order flow threshold;

  Volume-based tiered payment schedules; and

  Agreements regarding the minimum amount of order flow that the broker-dealer would send to a venue.

  Format and Retention of Reports

  The order handling and routing reports required under Rule 606 as amended will be required to be made available using an XML schema and associated PDF renderer published on the Commission’s website.  In addition, the public quarterly order routing report required by Rule 606(a) and the public order execution report required by Rule 605 of Regulation NMS will be required to be posted on a website that is free and readily accessible to the public for a period of three years from the initial date of posting on the website.

  Background

  In 2000, the Commission proposed and adopted Rule 11Ac1-6, now known as Rule 606 of Regulation NMS, to improve public disclosure of order routing practices.  Limited to smaller-sized orders, it required broker-dealers to provide public quarterly reports on their routing of non-directed orders in NMS securities and to provide customers, upon request, limited customer-specific order routing information.

  Since the adoption of Rule 606 of Regulation NMS, routing and execution practices have evolved as markets have become more automated, dispersed and complex.  Today, trading in the U.S. equity markets is spread among a number of highly automated trading centers: 13 registered exchanges, more than 40 alternative trading systems and over 200 over-the-counter market-makers.  Customer orders are regularly routed and executed using sophisticated order execution algorithms that may use a variety of trading strategies, order types, indications of interest and child orders to access these trading centers.  

  These market developments have presented a need for Rule 606 to be updated to provide transparency into broker-dealer order handling and routing practices that continues to be useful in today’s automated and vastly more complex national market system.  Rule 606 as amended will provide more meaningful disclosures relevant to today’s marketplace that encourage broker-dealers to provide effective and competitive order handling and routing services, and that improve the ability of their customers to determine the quality of such broker-dealer services.   

全六肖中特料